Ghana requires that a couple must be married to adopt. Single women can adopt, but only if they are a citizen of Ghana. Males cannot, unless the man is the biological father.
The country also requires that a couple reside in Ghana three months before the adoption, although the courts can waive this.
Only orphans can be adopted from Ghana and brought to the US.
A couple must be found eligible to adopt by the Department of Homeland Security, which requires interviews and visits at the home.
They need a Ghanaian Social Welfare Officer in the area they wish to adopt from. They are then matched with a child on the suggestion of the adoption agency in Ghana and may have a trial living period.
The couple must provide documents – such as birth and marriage records – and the High Court then must approve the application.
It takes a year to complete an adoption in Ghana. An additional one to six months may be needed for the U.S. immigration visa process.
Before a child can travel to the US, they will need: a new birth certificate (with the new parents’ names), a Ghanaian passport and an US immigrant visa.